10 toughest places for girls to go to school
Debates about schools in richer countries are often about the politics of priorities, what subjects should be given most importance, who needs extra help and what needs more public spending.
But for families in many developing countries questions about education can be a lot more basic – is there any access to school at all?
Figures from the United Nations suggest there has been "almost zero progress" in the past decade in tackling the lack of school places in some of the world's poorest countries.
A further report examined the quality of education, and the UN said the findings were "staggering", with more than 600 million children in school but learning next to nothing.
While in affluent Western countries, girls are often ahead of boys in academic achievement, in poorer parts of the world, particularly sub-Saharan Africa, girls are much more likely to be missing out.
And on the UN's International Day of the Girl, the development campaign, One, has created a ranking for the toughest places for girls to get an education.
Across these 10 countries, most of those without school places are girls.
These are fragile countries, where many families are at risk from poverty, ill health, poor nutrition and displacement from war and conflict.
Many young girls are expected to work rather than go to school. And many marry young, ending any chance of an education.
UN figures indicate girls are more than twice as likely to lose out on education in conflict zones.
The rankings are based on:
- the proportion of girls without a primary school place
- the proportion of girls without a secondary school place
- the proportion of girls completing primary school
- the proportion of girls completing secondary school
- the average number of years girls attend school
- female illiteracy rates
- teacher training levels
- the teacher-pupil ratio
- public spending on education
For some countries, such as Syria, there was insufficient reliable data for them to be included.
Here are the top 10 toughest places for girls' education:
- South Sudan: the world's newest country has faced much violence and war, with the destruction of schools and families forced from their homes. Almost three-quarters of girls do not even make it to primary school
- Central African Republic: one teacher for every 80 pupils
- Niger: only 17% of women between the ages of 15 and 24 are literate
- Afghanistan: wide gender gap, with boys more likely to be in school than girls
- Chad: many social and economic barriers to girls and women getting education
- Mali: only 38% of girls finish primary school
- Guinea: the average time in education among women over the age of 25 is less than one year
- Burkina Faso: only 1% of girls complete secondary school
- Liberia: almost two-thirds of primary-age pupils out of school
- Ethiopia: two in five girls are married before the age of 18
A shortage of teachers is a common problem across poorer countries.
Last year, the UN said another 69 million teachers would need to be recruited worldwide by 2030 if international promises on education were to be kept.
The report says there are great economic dividends if girls can be kept in school.
And there are great gains for individuals, such as Florence Cheptoo, who lives in a remote village in Kenya and learned to read at the age of 60.
Gayle Smith, president of the One campaign, called the failures in education for girls a "global crisis that perpetuates poverty".
"Over 130 million girls are still out of school – that's over 130 million potential engineers, entrepreneurs, teachers and politicians whose leadership the world is missing out on."
More from Global education
- Modernising female voice for Qatar
- 'In school, but learning nothing'
- 10 university flashpoints over free speech
- What's it like to start reading at 60?
- 'Zero progress' on lack of school places, says UN
Ideas for the Global education series? Get in touch.
Spain Catalan crisis: Reaction to Puigdemont from Madrid and Barcelona
In a speech on Tuesday evening to the regional parliament in Barcelona, Catalan leader Carles Puigdemont said Catalonia had won the right to be independent but that he wanted to begin negotiations with the Spanish government in Madrid.
His comments came after a disputed October 1 referendum which saw violent clashes between national police and pro-independence demonstrators.
Madrid has promised to block any move by Catalonia to break away and will hold a special cabinet meeting on Wednesday to discuss its official response.
So how have both cities reacted to Mr Puigdemont's speech?
'Fears of lost momentum' – The BBC's Gavin Lee in Barcelona
Close to where Parliament sit, beneath the arches of Barcelona's Arc de Triomf monument, tens of thousands of independence supporters packed the walkway to watch President Puigdemont's parliamentary address on the big screens.
The dominant colours were the red, yellow and blue of the Estalada, the Catalan separatist flag, and hundreds of placards, posters and T-shirts simply read "Si", marking the Yes votes made during last Sunday's banned referendum that the Spanish government says was unconstitutional.
There was a mixed response when Carlos Puigdemont began to explain that he was effectively suspending an independence declaration, waiting on the prospect of talks with the Spanish government.
- Catalonia independence declaration signed and suspended
- What are the options for Spain now?
- Could Catalonia make a success of independence?
When he talked of recognising the results of the independence referendum, many in the crowd cheered and whooped.
But any premature sounds of excitement or expectation disappeared quickly, and after an hour of speech making the crowd became muted as it was clear now that the Catalan president was effectively suspending a declaration.
The crowd dispersed moments after. "We're upset, but we've attracted worldwide attention to our little land," Roger tells me, hugging his partner, who said she felt let down by the president.
There's a wider fear though, among independence supporters, that the government hasn't made the most of the momentum it had.
Skip Twitter post by @GavinLeeBBC
The view from above. Thousands awaiting President #Puigdemont's key Catalan speech at #Barcelona arc de triomf. pic.twitter.com/75oIqAUXpB
— Gavin Lee (@GavinLeeBBC) October 10, 2017
End of Twitter post by @GavinLeeBBC
But Adriana, 21, told me she understood that the region's leaders were in a checkmate position, with the Spanish government waiting to take over the Catalan Parliament in the event of an immediate declaration.
For now, there's no sign of trouble, just disappointment.
A Spanish word – "conllevado" – sums up the divide here. It means "to exist with the problem", and after tonight, the Catalan independence movement, those who seek to prevent it, and those in between seeking to be heard, will all need to "conllevado" a little while longer.
'Patience wearing thin' – James Badcock in Madrid
With Spain's government due to hold a special cabinet meeting on Wednesday morning to discuss its official response to Catalan President Puigdemont's partial declaration of independence, the leader of Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy's Popular Party in Catalonia gave a hint as to what that reaction might be.
"The legitimate state will not permit any independent republic of Catalonia," said Xavier García Albiol in the Catalan parliament on Tuesday night.
"Catalonia and Spain cannot go on a minute longer mired in such insecurity," he added.
Indeed, although the Catalan leader's announcement was cagey – near enough a proclamation of independence to keep his fragile pro-independence coalition together, but not too strong to make a harsh reaction from Spain inevitable – Mr Rajoy had already said that any declaration of independence would be opposed by "all legal means".
The government has previously admitted that it is considering whether to trigger a never-before-used power from Spain's constitution: article 155, which allows for central government to take control of a regional authority, or parts of it, to stop breaches of the rule of law.
"The government has two options," says Pablo Simón, a political expert from Madrid's Carlos III University.
"One is to appeal the declaration to the constitutional court, which will annul its effects, and then use article 155 very selectively if the Catalan government takes any actual steps towards implementation.
"The other is to apply article 155 in all its force and with all its consequences, which is a bit like pressing the nuclear button and launching a battle within public opinion."
In the streets and homes of the Spanish capital, patience with the defiance shown by Catalonia's government is wearing thin.
"Spain's legitimate state has to take action," says Mario Perales, a civil servant from Madrid.
"I am amazed by the absolutely irresponsible attitude of leaders who have managed to divide Catalan society, a society with a high standard of living which these spurious ambitions are putting in danger."
Can we tell if Donald Trump has a high IQ?
Question: How often does President Trump talk about IQ?
Answer: All the time.
When Mr Trump recently boasted that his IQ was higher than Secretary of State Rex Tillerson's, it was part of a pattern.
In 2013, he tweeted that his IQ was "much higher" than Barack Obama and George W Bush.
He has also claimed a higher IQ than comedian Jon Stewart and British star of The Apprentice, Lord Sugar.
Despite this, Mr Trump has never revealed his own IQ. So can we work it out?
Skip Twitter post by @realDonaldTrump
"@gharo34: @realDonaldTrump Not only is your IQ somewhere between Barack Obama and G.W.Bush…but you're entertaining!"Much higher than both
— Donald J. Trump (@realDonaldTrump) May 1, 2013
End of Twitter post by @realDonaldTrump
What is IQ?
An Intelligence Quotient is a score given to someone after taking an intelligence test.
There is no single "IQ test" – Mensa accepts results from more than 200 tests, including its own. Some tests last an hour, while some have no time limit.
Dr Frank Lawlis, the supervisory psychologist of American Mensa, says they usually test spatial, quantitative, and verbal skills.
Broadly, spatial questions are about shape and measurement; quantitative questions are mathematical; and verbal questions are about words – for example, how one word is similar to another.
Mensa accepts those who score in the top 2%. That equates – very roughly – to an IQ of 130.
Who were the smartest presidents?
"I don't recall ever coming across a list of presidents and their IQs," says Dr Barbara A Perry, director of presidential studies at the University of Virginia.
"But you can easily find a list of presidents inducted into Phi Beta Kappa in their universities."
Founded in 1776, Phi Beta Kappa honours "the best and brightest liberal arts and sciences undergraduates from 286 top schools across the nation".
Of the 44 presidents, 17 have been Phi Beta Kappa members. Bill Clinton, George H W Bush, and Jimmy Carter were the most recent.
Dr Perry puts forward, among others, Herbert Hoover ("a very, very bright scientist, a geologist"), Woodrow Wilson ("our only PhD president"), and William H Taft ("a brilliant lawyer").
And, although a president's IQ has never been confirmed, in 2006 the University of California estimated that John Quincy Adams was the most intelligent of all presidents.
Dr Perry also says some presidents have undeserved reputations.
"Gerald Ford was viewed as being a klutz, because he would trip in public, but that was so unfair.
"He had an undergraduate degree from the University of Michigan, where he was from, he was an Eagle Scout, he went to Yale Law School, and he was a star footballer on top of that."
- Trump challenges Rex Tillerson to IQ test
- 13-year-old from Essex scores 161 in IQ test
She also says that intelligence is only part of what makes a good president.
"It was the Supreme Court justice Oliver Wendell Holmes who famously said Franklin Delano Roosevelt had 'a second class intellect but a first class temperament'.
"Roosevelt was re-elected in '36 by two-thirds of the electorate."
And who were the least smart?
"I would put Warren Harding in that category," says Dr Perry. "He was a journalist by training."
This is awkward…
"Some of my best friends are journalists!" says Dr Perry, laughing.
"And my brother is. But my point is, he wasn't from Harvard or Yale, and he wasn't a brilliant lawyer who ended up on the supreme court."
So where does Donald Trump fit in?
"If he ever releases his IQ, I just have a feeling – especially since he is daring Tillerson to release his – that it's higher than people would presume," says Dr Perry.
"People who don't like him say 'oh he's such an idiot, oh he's so stupid'. But I bet you it's higher than we might realise."
Professor Fred I Greenstein, professor of politics emeritus at Princeton University, lists six qualities that bear on presidential performance.
They are: public communication, organisational capacity, political skill, vision, cognitive style, and emotional intelligence.
"Trump scores low on emotional intelligence, cognitive style, vision, and organisational capacity," says Dr Perry.
"Where he has been superb, in order to win the presidency, is public communication and political skill."
Dr Perry also points out Mr Trump's business career – "he obviously had a certain native intelligence to be successful, such as he was" – and his degree from The Wharton School at the University of Pennsylvania.
But – whether Mr Trump's IQ is high or low – Dr Lawlis from Mensa says it doesn't tell you everything.
"If you take someone we consider to be a genius like Einstein, he would probably not do well on an IQ test, because he thinks outside the box," he says.
"He could probably think of a dozen answers to one question."
Either way, the time for talking may soon be over – Mensa has offered to test both Mr Trump and Mr Tillerson's IQ.
Skip Twitter post by @AmericanMensa
If only there was an organization known for measuring IQ… ? https://t.co/xbOKnW63ta
— American Mensa (@AmericanMensa) October 10, 2017
End of Twitter post by @AmericanMensa
- 2.Jane's daughter (Jane's mother's husband is Jane's father, his daughter is Jane, and Jill is her daughter)
- 3.Zipper (the others can be anagrammed into the names of cities: Rome, Paris, Chester)
- 4.Cherries (Tabitha only likes food with two syllables)
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More on the US presidents
- Should Washington monument come down?
- Is it fair to label this man the worst ever president?
Equifax data hack affected 694,000 UK customers
The beleaguered credit reference agency Equifax has now admitted that 694,000 customers in the UK had their data stolen between May and July this year.
The firm's original estimate of its UK cyber-theft victims, made last month, was fewer, at nearly 400,000.
Equifax now says that it will contact its affected UK customers by letter to offer them help.
It admits they may be at risk of "possible criminal activity".
Patricio Remon, Equifax's chief European executive, said: "Once again, I would like to extend my most sincere apologies to anyone who has been concerned about or impacted by this criminal act."
More than 14 million further UK records were stolen, but they contained only names and dates of birth.
The huge data breach was part of an attack on the firm's world-wide customer records in which the personal details of 146 million people in the US were stolen, along with 8,000 Canadians.
The firm says that as an independent investigation into the saga has been completed, it can now help its UK customers by offering them free advice and ways to protect themselves from identity theft.
Four groups of affected UK customers have been identified:
- 637,000 whose phone numbers were stolen
- 29,000 whose driving licence numbers were stolen
- 15,000 who had some of their Equifax membership details, such as usernames and passwords, stolen
- and 12,000 whose email address was stolen.
The scandal led to the resignation last month of the company's chairman and chief executive, Richard Smith.
The company denied in September that the stolen UK data included any addresses, passwords or financial information.
However, the firm has now revealed that data belonging to the 15,000 customers, who had their Equifax membership details accessed, did indeed include Equifax passwords, secret questions and answers, and partial credit card details.
UK customers can phone Equifax for advice on 0800 587 1584.
Trump challenges Rex Tillerson to IQ test
US President Donald Trump has challenged his Secretary of State, Rex Tillerson, to an IQ test, in the latest sign of discord between the two.
He made the remark in a magazine interview when asked about reports that Mr Tillerson had called him a moron.
"I think it's fake news," Mr Trump told Forbes, "but if he did that, I guess we'll have to compare IQ tests. And I can tell you who is going to win."
Mr Trump had lunch on Tuesday with Mr Tillerson.
Shortly beforehand, the president maintained he still had confidence in the secretary of state.
"I did not undercut anybody," he also told reporters. "I don't believe in undercutting people."
Asked about Mr Trump's IQ test challenge, White House Press Secretary Sarah Huckabee Sanders told the daily news briefing: "It was a joke. You should get a sense of humour."
Reports have swirled of a schism in the Trump administration between the commander-in-chief and his top diplomat, as the US faces a host of vexatious foreign policy conundrums, from North Korea to Iran.
Last week Mr Tillerson called a news conference to dismiss reports that he was considering quitting.
But the former ExxonMobil chief executive did not deny an NBC News report that he had called his boss a moron after a July meeting at the Pentagon.
Earlier this month, Mr Trump publicly undercut the former Texas oilman by tweeting that he was "wasting his time" trying to negotiate with nuclear-armed North Korea.
Last week the New York Times reported that Mr Tillerson was astonished at how little Mr Trump grasps the basics of foreign policy.
According to the newspaper, quoting sources close to the secretary of state, Mr Trump has been irritated by Mr Tillerson's body language during meetings.
Mr Tillerson is said to roll his eyes or slouch when he disagrees with the decisions of his boss.
A classic Trump counter-punch
Analysis by Anthony Zurcher, BBC North America reporter
Donald Trump insists that the stories about Rex Tillerson insulting his intelligence – despite being heavily sourced – are "fake news". Now, however, he's lobbing one of his trademark counter-punches, just in case.
Mr Tillerson thinks he's a moron? Well, he's smarter than Rex, that's for certain.
It's classic Trump – a slightly less juvenile version of the "I guarantee you there's no problem" retort Mr Trump snapped off during a Republican debate, when Senator Marco Rubio questioned the size of his, er, manhood.
Mr Trump tends to get touchy when people doubt his intellect. That's probably why the "moron" line has prompted such a furious response from the White House and State Department. During the campaign he said he doesn't have to consult generals because he has "a very good brain" and told a rally in South Carolina that he was highly educated and has "the best words".
In August, he boasted that he was a "better student" and went to better schools than all his elite critics.
Mr Tillerson may have opened a difficult-to-repair rift with the president. While Mr Trump is quite comfortable with insult-trading, there's one topic that's clearly off-limits.
ParentPay website unavailable for school meal payments
The website of payment firm ParentPay has gone down, leaving some parents unable to transfer funds for school meals and trips.
The company normally serves more than 5,500 schools in 200 local authorities, helping about 1.5 million families.
The company said it was affected "by a national internet connectivity issue – impacting some users. This is out of our control and we'll update you."
Some parents said their children were unable to buy food due to the glitch.
ParentPay said payments had been suspended until the issue was resolved.
Some parents reported being able to make transactions on Tuesday evening, but the company told the BBC the issue was not yet fixed and there was no timescale for when it would be.
One parent, Victoria Lew, said on Twitter she had been trying to access her account for two hours.
"What do [the] kids do for lunch?" she asked, adding that she had been unable to get through to the company on the phone.
Charlotte Banks said on Facebook that neither of her sons had been able to buy food.
"This is getting ridiculous now. Seems to be every few days there are issues with this site," she said.
People also expressed scepticism about the company's explanation for the outage.
Heidi Burrows said: "The only company who appears to have national internet connectivity are ParentPay, so I think you may want to adjust your wording as many of us work in big firms relying on internet and no one else is having this issue!"
What is ParentPay?
- An online payment system for schools, allowing parents to pay for meals, trips and activities, uniforms, music lessons and fees
- Parents top up their ParentPay account by debit or credit card, or in cash through PayPoint stores
- The system can send alerts when a child's catering balance is running low
- Schools can also use it to send emails, texts and newsletters to parents
Health is the most important thing which many of us take for granted until something big happens. As Josh Billings said: ”Health is exactly like money, you never have an idea about its exact value until its lost.” Your body and your health is your biggest possession. Take care of it as much as possible. If you will be healthy, you will be able to attain anything in life but if you are not feeling well nothing seems all right to you. Learn to take care of your body as when sudden disease attacks, at that time you realize what you were ignoring throughout your life. The ones who did not take care of their health and faced issues like heart attack know the worth of taking care of their health. Read their horrifying stories and get alarmed now:
14. Story Of Rob:
Image Credits: Story Of Hope
Rob, a healthy man of 54 years age, faced a severe heart attack on one fine day after coming from work. He was perfectly all right before, had no such symptoms or did not have a history of heart attack. And when it happened, he was shaken to the core. Now his heart works only 20% and has got an Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator. While explaining the whole experience he says no one in his family has suffered heart attack ever. The one he got was very severe and he has got three stents because of that. Because of it, so much damage happened to his left ventricle which has resulted in making his heart not working well. But all of this incident made him appreciate his life and his family more.
13. Lorraine’s Tale:
Image Credits: Story Of Hope
A woman, 48 years old named as Lorraine suffered a cardiac arrest in 2005. And because of it, she is living with a failed heart. He says this whole experience was very hard. She was separated from her husband, had very young children by that time. They grew up so quickly by mind after this incident and have become so caring towards me. Lorraine still does not feel completely fine but does not want to lose this battle because of her children. Her children know there is no proper cure for heart attack but they know their mother is a very strong lady, she will make it.
Image Credits: Story Of Hope
Bronnach Pemberton, a woman of 35 years age, was a very fit mother before she suffered a very severe heart attack. It was so bad that even after so many days, she could not even lift her newly born baby. She was forced to leave the job of a teacher as she felt extremely exhausted all the time and used to sleep almost throughout the day. That one incident changed her life upside down. Now she wonders whether she will be able to live long enough to see her children grow up.
11. Clare’s Story:
Image Credits: Story Of Hope
Clare being a nurse herself had seen many patients going through the pain of heart attack. But she never in her wildest dreams thought she would be facing the same situation too. She says one of the worst feelings is when you are not able to breathe or do anything on your own. But after coming out of that phase she became more passionate about her job as she also had experienced the same pain her patients used to go through.
10. Narrated By Carol:
Image Credits: Womenheart
One fine day during a meeting with her clients, Carol suddenly felt a lot of pain in her chest. One of her clients who happened to be a doctor told her that she had no symptoms of a heart attack rather it was some gallbladder issue. When she went to the doctor she was not able to feel her breath. She says it was the most horrifying experience of her life. The surgeons did their work and after long hours of cardiac catheterization, her arteries were made clear. This incident made her appreciate her capabilities more and made her aware of what we all can possess but don’t really praise about.
9. Story Of Janice:
Image Credits: Womenheart
Janice explained her experience by stating that one day, early in the morning she felt pain in her chest and started sweating. She felt as if her body was not working. On reaching hospital she came to know that she was having a heart attack. She was immediately rushed to the surgery room and got a stent placed. During the recovery session, she got another heart attack and got two more stents placed. But post that experience she learned to take care of her body more and live every day to the fullest.
8. Cindy Steger Story:
Image Credits: Womenheart
Cindy told her story by stating that her family did have a history of a heart attack which she did not know earlier. But since her younger days, she used to go to the gym. She made a resolution of doing race walk. One day after her race session she suffered a very severe heart attack because of the blockage of the right artery of her heart. She didn’t take that very seriously until the doctor told her that she had a heart attack. After that, she regularly went to the doctor and finished her treatment and then came back to normal life to pursue her passion of race. She even won a 5 km long race soon after the cardiac attack. Now she wants to continue this passion, to show the world that even after a disease like heart attack, life goes on and it can be normal.
7. Story Of Sue Chlebek:
Image Credits: Wall Of Street Journal
Sue Chlebek while describing her story of the cardiac arrest said that she used to think only breast cancer was the most dangerous disease until she encountered a severe heart attack. On 31st March 2010, she went to walk with her friend like she always did. Suddenly she felt problem while breathing. By the time she reached her home she started having a pain in her chest and when she saw the symptoms on her mobile, it turned out that she was having a heart attack. It came as a shock to her as she was a very fit person. It was a very severe attack and she got a stent in her artery. Post that incident, she started an awareness campaign around her surroundings. And by narrating her story she hopes that she will encourage people to live a happy and healthy life.
6. Laura Needham’s Story:
Image Credits: Womenheart
Laura, a nurse of almost 33 years old, during a fine evening in December while on her way back home suddenly felt that something was wrong with her left shoulder and by the time she reached her house she had a severe pain in her chest. Along with that, she started vomiting. After few hours when she got up, she came to know that she had just encountered a heart attack. She could not believe it, being a nurse she never felt the symptoms of heart attack in herself. The heart attack which she suffered was of a different kind as the layers forming the coronary artery tore away and blood was collecting in between the layers. Two of her coronary arteries suffered this issue. One got a stent and the other got a balloon inside to clear the blood storage. But now she is completely fine. Post that scenario she feels very guilty at times because of ignoring the symptoms which were so obvious. But it did teach her a lesson and now she is living a life in which she is very concerned about her health.
5. Melanie Mully’s Stroy:
Image Credits: Womenheart
Melanie Mully just 5 days away from her marriage, while doing some shopping suddenly started feeling sick and she felt severe pain in her arms. When she came home and was having a conversation with her friend she just fainted and when she got her senses she came to know that she had a cardiac arrest, and she stayed in a coma for five days. Her senses were lost because she could not believe it as she was a perfectly fine person. But after the recovery session of almost 6 months, she realized anything can happen to anyone at any time. So, we all should take care of our health always.
4. Story Of Sally Bee:
Image Credits: Womenheart
During a hot summer day, Chef Sally Bee suddenly encountered a heart attack. She had no other health problem before. But still, she had two more attacks in the same week. Being a chef she was always concerned about her health but this attack came from nowhere and shook her existence. The cardiac attacks taught her that one should be aware of what to eat and what not to eat.
3. Story Of Bradley Smith:
Image Credits: Cardiosmart
Bradley Smith says that during June 2008, he started having pain in his both elbows. Heart disease was present in his both families, paternal and maternal. But he still did not care much about his health until one day he got a very severe heart attack. He had to stay in the hospital for sixty days to become completely healthy. After that, he has become very much concerned about his health. He does workout 6-7 times in a week and eats healthy as much as possible. This incident made him realize the importance of going for a regular checkup at least 2 times a year.
2. Christian Jacobs:
Image Credits: Cardiosmart
Christian’s heart disease diagnose journey started when he was informed about a disease called as Homozygous Familial Hypercholesterolemia. He was living a normal healthy life until one day when he got a stress attack and was informed that his heart was blocked 75%. It was a very painful time for him and his family but then with time, he started feeling better as he got stunts placed. By letting people know his story he wants people to know there is no age to get a cardiac arrest. So, eat good food and do exercise properly to stay healthy.
1. David Wang:
Image Credits: Cardiosmart
As a 40-year-old man who goes to the gym regularly and takes karate classes, David never imagined of having a heart attack. But it did hit him after he was diagnosed of having a heart attack. Initially, he could not digest it but then he was informed that one of his coronary arteries was 100% blocked but due to the advanced modern medicine his life was saved from the mouth of death. This incident made him realize the importance of family and friends more because earlier he used to be busy all the time but now he does know their worth.
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ARTICLE BY: BORN REALIST
The post 14 Horrifying Stories From People Who Came Back From the Dead appeared first on Born Realist.
The war of words between former and current Mrs Trumps
Donald Trump's first wife, Ivana, has started a war of words by saying she, not Melania, is the real First Lady and by revealing that she has a direct line to the White House but uses it less than she could to avoid jealousy.
Melania is Mr Trump's third wife, and although this is the first time she and Ivana have crossed swords in public, the first wife has certainly had harsh words for her successor, Marla, before.
All three of them were at Mr Trump's inauguration as president in January.
Here are the stories of the three women and their marriages to Donald Trump.
Ivana Trump (maiden name: Zelnícková)
Married to Donald 1977-1992
Born in 1949 in Czechoslovakia, Ivana met Donald at a bar in New York and the pair were married for 15 years. She is the mother of three of his children: Donald Jr, Ivanka, and Eric.
The couple divorced after rumours surfaced that he was having an affair and he refused to tell Playboy magazine in an interview whether his marriage was monogamous.
During a divorce deposition, Ivana accused Mr Trump of raping her, but she later withdrew the comment, saying her words should not be "interpreted in a literal or criminal sense" and she meant instead that she had felt a lack of tenderness. He has said the episode was completely falsified.
The divorce is thought to have cost Mr Trump tens of millions of dollars. Ivana's attempts to receive more money than had been laid out in a pre-nuptial agreement were extensively reported in the New York press at the time.
She even had a cameo in the 1996 film First Wives Club where she repeated the line: "Don't get mad, get everything!"
She has married twice since, and has remained close enough to Mr Trump to be photographed next to him at functions (as above).
He went on to marry the mistress, Marla Maples.
- Melania Trump hits back at Ivana's 'first lady' jibe
On becoming president, Mr Trump reportedly offered Ivana the chance to be the US ambassador to the Czech Republic but she declined, preferring to be able to summer in St Tropez.
"I'm known by the name Ivana. I really did not need the name Trump," she told the New York Post.
The first Mrs Trump is promoting her book Raising Trump, to be released on Tuesday. In the course of it, she quipped that she is the real first lady.
Melania responded with a statement including the lines: "There is clearly no substance to this statement from an ex. Unfortunately only attention seeking and self-serving noise."
Marla Maples (never changed her name)
Married to Donald 1993-1999
Marla Maples was born into a Baptist family in Georgia in the US in 1963, making her 14 years younger than Ivana. The couple had one daughter, Tiffany.
Their relationship began in secret, as an affair that lasted for years. Before it, she had been a beauty queen who took a bit part in a Stephen King film (Maximum Overdrive) and posed for a Delta Air Lines ad.
Vanity Fair reported that Marla lived on Mr Trump's mega yacht, Trump Princess and avoided the press. But she would soon come to the world's attention, when she and the Trumps holidayed in the same town.
"I'm Marla and I love your husband. Do you?" are the words she reportedly said to Ivana when confronting her in Aspen in 1990.
"Stay away from him! Stay away from us!" Ivana reportedly replied.
Looking back on their divorce, Ms Maples has said she wanted to change Mr Trump but realised after some years that they were not bringing out the best in each other.
In 1990, Marla said: "I'm, like, of the soil, of the country, of a solid, firm belief in God. I would be happier living out on a farm away from everyone." After the divorce she moved to California.
Last year when Marla competed in Dancing with the Stars she was eliminated quickly, and Ivana said she was "never happier in her life".
Ivana took another swipe at her during book promotion interviews this week, by telling CBS Sunday Morning that Ms Maples was "a showgirl" who had never achieved anything – but she has not responded.
Melania Trump (nee Knavs)
Married to Donald 2005 – present
Born as Melanija Knavs in Slovenia in 1970, Melania is seven years younger than Marla, 21 years younger than Ivana and 24 years younger than her husband, Donald.
She later changed the spelling of her first name to Melania, and moved to the US in the 1990s.
- Unusual and traditional at once: Melania Trump, First Lady
She married Mr Trump in 2005 after meeting him when she was working as a model. He was reportedly intrigued when she refused to give him her number, asking for his instead.
She is the mother of Barron, 11, and delayed their move to the White House so as not to interrupt his school year.
She is an unusual First Lady in another way: she is the first to have posed nude for a magazine.
When she found herself attacked in public by the first Mrs Trump, her scathing statement managed to take some moral high ground: "Mrs Trump has made the White House a home for [their son] Barron and The President.
"She loves living in Washington, DC and is honoured by her role as First Lady of the United States.
"She plans to use her title and role to help children, not sell books."